Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a kind of psychotherapy. Originally, it was used by counselling Boragoon to treat depression. Nowadays however, it is used for a variety of mental disorders.

It is used to solve present problems. It also helps in changing ill-natured behaviour and thinking. The etomology refers to behaviour and cognitive therapy. As such, it is a combination of behavioural and cognitive principles. Nearly all counselling Boragoon work with patients handling with anxiety and depression use this kind of therapy. This technique recognises that there may be some behaviors that cannot be controlled by way of rational thought. Rather, its emergence is based on pre-conditioning from the environment and other stimuli, internal or external. It is pushed forward for definite problems. Also, therapists try to help the client in choosing specific strategies to help focus on the said problems.

CBT is different from the conventional psychoanalytical approach. This is when the therapists search for the instinctive meaning behind the behaviours. Afterwards, the patient will be diagnosed. As for CBT, therapists believe that disorders like depression are related between a feared stimulus and an avoidance reply. In results, it turns into a conditioned fear. In short, intentional thoughts can influence the behaviour of a person all on its own. As a conclusion, the two theories were put together and now we know it as cognitive behavioural therapy.

CBT is proven to be useful for the treatment of addiction, anxiety, dependence, eating, mood, personality, psychotic and tic disorders. A lot of CBT treatment programs have been checked out for system-based diagnoses. As such, they have been favoured versus approaches like psychodynamic treatments. On the other hand, some researchers have gone over the efficacy of the superiority of this approach compared to other treatments.

Mainstream CBT considers that changing maladaptive thinking may turn into affect and behaviour. However, current variants reiterate changes in a patient’s relationship to maladaptive thinking instead of changing into thinking itself. The end goal of CBT is not to analyse a person with a certain disease. It is to see the person as a whole and resolve what needs to be done. Here are the basic steps for CBT assessment:

1. Identifying the critical behaviours.
2. Decide if the critical behaviours are deficits or excesses
3. By obtaining a baseline, calculate the critical behaviours for duration, frequency or intensity.
4. If there is an excess, try to decrease the duration, frequency or the intensity of the behaviours. If there is a deficit, seek to increase the behaviours.

The steps mentioned are based on a system produced by Kanfer and Saslow. So if you think CBT is for you, go to your nearest therapist now.